Drug Class: What is Tegretol and why is it prescribed?
Tegretol Mechanism: How does Tegretol work?
Tegretol Dosage: How should you take Tegretol
Possible food and drug interactions when taking Tegretol
Special information on Tegretol
Tegretol side effects
|Drug Class: What is Tegretol and why is it prescribed?|
|Generic Tegretol (carbamazepine) can help with seizure (convulsion) control in certain types of epilepsy.
Generic Tegretol also treats nerve-related pain such as trigeminal neuralgia (severe pain in the jaws), and pain in the tongue and throat.
In addition, some doctors use Generic Tegretol to treat alcohol withdrawal, cocaine addiction, and emotional disorders such as depression and abnormally aggressive behavior. Generic Tegretol is also used to treat migraine headache and \"restless legs.\"
|Tegretol Mechanism: How does Tegretol work?|
|Generic Tegretol contains the active ingredient carbamazepine, which is a medicine that is mainly used to treat epilepsy. Generic Tegretol works by stabilizing electrical activity in the brain.
The brain and nerves are made up of many nerve cells that communicate with each other through electrical signals. These signals must be carefully regulated for the brain and nerves to function properly. When abnormally rapid and repetitive electrical signals are released in the brain, the brain becomes over-stimulated and normal function is disturbed. This results in fits or seizures.
Generic Tegretol prevents epileptic fits by preventing the excessive electrical activity in the brain. It is thought to achieve this by preventing sodium from entering nerve cells when they begin to fire rapid and repetitive electrical signals. A build up of sodium in the nerve cells is necessary for the electrical signal to build up and be passed on to other nerve cells. As Generic Tegretol prevents this, it helps stabilize the electrical activity in the brain.
Preventing the build-up of the electrical signal also prevents the release of a neurotransmitter called glutamate from the nerve cells in the brain. Glutamate is a neurotransmitter that acts as a natural \'nerve-exciting\' agent. It is thought to play a key role in causing epileptic seizures. Reducing the release of glutamate from the nerve cells in the brain is another way in which Generic Tegretol is thought to help stabilize the electrical activity in the brain and prevent epileptic fits.
As Generic Tegretol stabilizes electrical nerve activity, Generic Tegretol is also used to treat a condition called trigeminal neuralgia, in which the facial nerves spontaneously send messages of pain to the brain. Generic Tegretol prevents the nerve signals being sent inappropriately and relieves the pain of this condition.
|Tegretol Dosage: How should you take Tegretol|
|Generic Tegretol should only be taken with meals, never on an empty stomach.
Generic Tegretol CR tablets must be swallowed whole: do not crush or chew them and do not take tablets that have been damaged.
The usual daily starting dose of Generic Tegretol for children under 6 years of age is 10 to 20 milligrams per 2.2 pounds of body weight. The total daily dose is divided into smaller doses taken 2 or 3 times a day for tablets or 4 times a day for suspension. Daily dosage should not exceed 35 milligrams per 2.2 pounds.
If you miss a Generic Tegretol dose
Generic Tegretol Overdose
Symptoms of Generic Tegretol overdose include
Generic Tegretol Storage instructions
Store Generic Tegretol at room temperature below 30 degrees C (86 degrees F). Keep container tightly closed. Protect from moisture. Throw away any unused Generic Tegretol after the expiration date.
Generic Tegretol Preparations:
|Possible food and drug interactions when taking Tegretol|
| Generic Tegretol can interact with many medicines and the dose of Generic Tegretol or the interacting medicine may need to be altered as a result. It is important to tell your doctor what medicines you are taking, including herbal medicines and those bought without a prescription, before you start Generic Tegretol. Likewise, once you are taking Generic Tegretol it is important to check with your doctor or pharmacist before you start taking any new medicines, or stop taking any existing medicines.
Generic Tegretol blood levels may be increased by:
Sodium valproate and lamotrigine may increase the rate that Generic Tegretol is converted to another active form in the body. This can result in an increase in Generic Tegretol side effects.
Generic Tegretol blood levels may be decreased by:
Generic Tegretol may decrease the blood levels and effectiveness of the following:
Generic Tegretol may raise or lower blood levels of phenytoin.
Generic Tegretol should not be taken with monoamine oxidase inhibitor antidepressants (MAOIs). At least two weeks should pass after stopping an MAOI before starting Generic Tegretol.
There may be a decrease in blood sodium levels if Generic Tegretol is taken with diuretics such as frusemide and hydrochlorothiazide.
If Generic Tegretol is taken with lithium or haloperidol there may be an increase in brain and nervous system side effects, e.g. confusion, drowsiness, weakness, lethargy and tremor.
If Generic Tegretol is taken with isoniazid there may be an increased risk of liver disorders.
|Special information on Tegretol|
Most Important Fact about Generic Tegretol
Generic Tegretol precautions if you are pregnant or breastfeeding
Generic Tegretol passes into breast milk in small amounts. The benefits of breastfeeding should be weighed against any possible risks to the infant. Breast-fed infants should be observed for possible adverse reactions, such as excessive drowsiness, skin rashes or poor weight gain. Seek medical advice.
Special warnings about Generic Tegretol
Generic Tegretol may cause fatigue and dizziness. You should take care when performing potentially hazardous activities, such as driving or operating machinery, until you know how Generic Tegretol affects you and are sure you can perform such activities safely.
Generic Tegretol decreases the blood levels of hormonal contraceptives containing estrogen and/or progesterone, which may make the contraceptive ineffective or result in breakthrough bleeding. Women taking Generic Tegretol who require contraception should be prescribed a contraceptive containing at least 50 micrograms of estrogen, or use non-hormonal methods of contraception, such as condoms.
If you have a history of heart, liver, or kidney damage, an adverse blood reaction to any drug, glaucoma, or serious reactions to other drugs, you should discuss this history thoroughly with your doctor before taking Generic Tegretol.
Older adults, especially, can become confused or agitated when taking Generic Tegretol.
The coating of the Generic Tegretol-CR tablet is not absorbed and passes through your body intact. If you notice it in your stool, it is not a cause for alarm.
|Tegretol side effects|
|Why Generic Tegretol should not be prescribed?
Generic Tegretol should not be used if you are allergic to any of its ingredients. Please inform your doctor or pharmacist if you have previously experienced such an allergy.
If you feel you have experienced an allergic reaction, stop using Generic Tegretol and inform your doctor or pharmacist immediately.
Generic Tegretol should not be prescribed for patients with history of decreased blood cell production by the bone marrow (bone marrow depression)
Possible Generic Tegretol Side effects
Less common side effects of Generic Tegretol may include:
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