About Metoprolol XR
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Drug Class: What is Toprol XL and why is it prescribed?
Metoprolol XR Mechanism: How does Toprol XL work?
Metoprolol XR Dosage: How should you take Toprol XL
Possible food and drug interactions when taking Toprol XL
Special information on Toprol XL
Toprol XL side effects
|Drug Class: What is Toprol XL and why is it prescribed?|
Generic Toprol XL, a type of medication known as a beta blocker, is used in the treatment of high blood pressure, angina pectoris (chest pain, usually caused by lack of oxygen to the heart due to clogged arteries), and heart attack. When prescribed for high blood pressure, Generic Toprol XL is effective when used alone or in combination with other high blood pressure medications. Beta blockers decrease the force and rate of heart contractions, thereby reducing the demand for oxygen and lowering blood pressure. Occasionally doctors prescribe Generic Toprol XL for the treatment of aggressive behavior, prevention of migraine headache, and relief of temporary anxiety. Generic Toprol XL is prescribed for high blood pressure, angina, and heart failure.
|Metoprolol XR Mechanism: How does Toprol XL work?|
Generic Toprol XL (metoprolol XR) is a beta-adrenergic blocking agent. Generic Toprol XL (metoprolol XR) blocks the action of the sympathetic nervous system, a portion of the involuntary nervous system. The sympathetic nervous system stimulates the pace of the heart beat. By blocking the action of these nerves, Generic Toprol XL (metoprolol XR) reduces the heart rate and is useful in treating abnormally rapid heart rhythms. Generic Toprol XL (metoprolol XR) also reduces the force of heart muscle contraction and lowers blood pressure. By reducing the heart rate and the force of muscle contraction, metoprolol reduces heart muscle oxygen demand. Since angina occurs when oxygen demand of the heart exceeds supply, Generic Toprol XL (metoprolol XR) is helpful in treating angina.
|Metoprolol XR Dosage: How should you take Toprol XL|
Generic Toprol XL should be taken with food or immediately after you have eaten. Take Generic Toprol XL exactly as prescribed, even if your symptoms have disappeared. Try not to miss any Generic Toprol XL doses. If Generic Toprol XL is not taken regularly, your condition may worsen.
If you miss a Generic Toprol XL dose: If it is within 4 hours of your next dose, skip the one you missed and go back to your regular schedule. Never take 2 Generic Toprol XL doses at the same time.
Adults Dosages of Generic Toprol XL should be individualized by your doctor. It should be taken with or immediately following meals.
High Blood Pressure
Generic Toprol XL Overdose
The symptoms of Generic Toprol XL overdose may include: Asthma-like symptoms, coma, heart failure, irregular heartbeat, low blood pressure, nausea and vomiting, shock, slow heartbeat, stopped heart. Generic Toprol XL Storage instructions Store Toprol-XL at room temperature
Generic Toprol XL Preparations
|Possible food and drug interactions when taking Toprol XL|
If Generic Toprol XL is taken with certain other drugs, the effects of either could be increased, decreased, or altered. It is especially important to check with your doctor before combining Generic Toprol XL with certain high blood pressure drugs such as reserpine.
Other medications that might interact with Generic Toprol XL include: Albuterol (Proventil, Ventolin), Amiodarone (Cordarone), Barbiturates such as phenobarbital, Calcium channel blockers such as Calan and Cardizem, Cimetidine (Tagamet), Ciprofloxacin (Cipro), Clonidine (Catapres), Epinephrine (EpiPen), Fluoxetine (Prozac), Hydralazine (Apresoline), Insulin, Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as Motrin and Indocin, Oral diabetes drugs such as Glucotrol and Micronase, Paroxetine (Paxil), Prazosin (Minipress), Propafenone (Rythmol), Quinidine (Quinaglute), Ranitidine (Zantac), Rifampin (Rifadin).
|Special information on Toprol XL|
Most important fact about Generic Toprol XL
Special precautions if you are pregnant or breastfeeding
Generic Toprol XL appears in breast milk and could affect a nursing infant. If this medication is essential to your health, your doctor may advise you to discontinue breastfeeding until your treatment with this medication is finished.
Special warnings about Generic Toprol XL
Ask your doctor if you should check your pulse while taking Generic Toprol XL. This medication can cause your heartbeat to become too slow. Generic Toprol XL may mask some symptoms of low blood sugar in diabetics or alter blood sugar levels. If you are diabetic, discuss this with your doctor. Generic Toprol XL may cause you to become drowsy or less alert; therefore, driving or operating dangerous machinery or participating in any hazardous activity that requires full mental alertness is not recommended until you know how you respond to this medication. Notify your doctor or dentist that you are taking Generic Toprol XL if you have a medical emergency, or before you have surgery or dental treatment. Notify your doctor if you have any difficulty in breathing.
|Toprol XL side effects|
Why Generic Toprol XL should not be prescribed?
Generic Toprol XL side effects
More common side effects of Generic Toprol XL may include: Depression, diarrhea, dizziness, itching, rash, shortness of breath, slow heartbeat, tiredness
Less common or rare side effects of Generic Toprol XL may include: Blurred vision, cold hands and feet, confusion, congestive heart failure, constipation, difficult or labored breathing, dry eyes, dry mouth, gas, hair loss, headache, heart attack, heartburn, low blood pressure, muscle pain, nausea, nightmares, rapid heartbeat, ringing in the ears, short-term memory loss, stomach pain, swelling due to fluid retention, trouble sleeping, wheezing, worsening of heart irregularities.
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